Saparmurad Niyazov (1940-2006) was the absolute ruler of Turkmenistan. In 2002, he changed the names of months and days of the week into the names he proposed. An example would be April (Aprel), which was changed into Gurbansoltan, which in turn is the name of his mother. He was the creator of an extreme personality cult around his person. The large buildings, statues and monuments created by him still stand as a testament of the dark times.
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