In 1601 through 1603, Russia experienced one of the worst famines imaginable. Around 2 million people, which was at the time over two thirds of the population, starved to death.
In Moscow alone, over 127,000 people were buried during that time period. So what had happened? Recent studies suggest that the outbreak of the Huaynaputina volcano in 1600 was responsible for this famine and other very cold winters in Europe and Asia. The eruption must have been quite powerful. Huaynaputina is situated in modern day Peru, South America. It’s 8000 miles (12874 km) away from Moscow.
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By Anonymous (http://www.pravenc.ru/data/315/461/1234/i400.jpg) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons