Garibaldi: The Italian Gaucho

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 -1882) was an Italian revolutionary and statesman, famous for his South American adventures, uniting Italy and -for some reason- wearing a poncho. Born in Nice, France he became a merchant marine captain aged 25 and eventually sailed to Brazil.

Mahmud of Ghazni invades India 17 times

Mahmud of Ghazni (971-1030) was the first ruler to refer to himself as Sultan.  Born to a Turkic Mamluk leader, he headed the Ghaznavid Empire, which covered most of the area between modern day Iran, Afghanistan, India and Pakistan.

Columbus plays God and saves his crew

In 1503, Christopher Columbus (ca. 1451-1506) and his crew had to abandon ship in North Jamaica and were stuck there for a year. The natives quickly started to dislike the foreigners, most likely due to their terrible behavior (stealing supplies, raping and even killing natives).

The pope and coffee

The origins of coffee are in Ethiopia around the 10th century. It then spread to the Middle East and then reached Europe in the 1500s, where it was considered a drink of the “infidels or heathens”.