Sakoku – When Japan locked its borders for 200 years

Before the early 1600s, many nations were present on the main land of Japan. Traders, missionaries and others from Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal and several other nations were starting to influence Japanese culture. So much in fact, that the ruling upper class became anxious. Tokugawa Iemitsu (1604-1651) was the ruling shogun and eventually banned virtually all foreigners.

When Ghana was the hope of Africa

In the 1950s, many regions in Africa were starting to think about independence from their colonialist masters. The Gold Coast was a British colony, which was led into independence by Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) in 1957. From then on, it was known as Ghana.

How Scotland lost half its money

The Darien Chest which held all the documents and money for this fiasco

The late part of the 17th century was tough for Scotland. It had been through civil wars and many years of famine. It’s powerful neighbor England was doing much better, just like other countries such as Spain or Portugal. All of these other countries were profiting from establishing and maintaining trade routes in other parts of the World. Scotland thought it would …

The Kingdom of Kongo and Portugal

The Kingdom of Kongo was a powerful state in West Africa, covering parts of todays Angola and Democratic Republic of Kongo. It existed from c. 1390 to 1891.