Citadel of Qaitbay

The Citadel of Qaitbay is a still standing 15th century fortress on the Mediterranean coast in North Egypt. It was built in 1477 by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa’it Bay on the exact site where the Lighthouse of Alexandria (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) once stood.

Boston, Oregon

How are cities named? Well, for Portland, Oregon, the name came down a coin flip in 1843.

The Labyrinth

Rather than to confuse and puzzle, the predecessor of the maze, the labyrinth, was designed to facilitate spiritual journeys. While mazes are composed of many branching paths, the labyrinth consists of one long, winding path.

Built by slave-labor: St. Petersburg

Peter the Great (1672-1725) wanted to build a city that he could make the capital of the Russian Empire. In 1703, he captured the Swedish fortress Nyenskans, which he rebuilt into St. Petersburg.