Before the birth of the newspaper, there have been many more or less successful techniques on distributing news. Starting around 131 BCE, the Romans had acta diurna, which were daily notices carved on stone and metal. It would contain trial outcomes, births, marriages and deaths of prominent Romans.
In the early 1640s, Dutch engineer Adam Wybe (1584-1683) was given the task of building a new fortification on a hill in Gdańsk. In order to accomplish this, many tons of heavy material had to be transported from another hilltop, across a river and up the other hill.