In some Native American tribes, the use of talking sticks is hundreds of years old. The method is simple: A wooden stick is used in a discussion to enable only the holder to speak and everyone else to listen.
This way, everyone gets their turn to speak. The sticks usually are embellished by feathers, ornaments and carvings and in recent times are viewed as pieces of art. Sometimes the use of colors and animal imagery would symbolize different virtues, principles or the like. However, discussions with talking sticks didn’t last forever. People who wouldn’t stop talking could be stopped by consensus.
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Photo Credits / Sources:
Edward S. Curtis [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons