In 1085, King William I of England was interested to know who owns which land. He ordered a survey of almost the entire country in which this was settled once and for all.
After it was finished, the Domesday books (it was actually 2) contained 13’000 places, some 268’000 individuals and other information such as livestock and taxes owed. The document is so significant because it shows extreme detail about the England of those days.
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Photo Credits / Sources:
By executed for William I of England (nationalarchives.gov.uk) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.