The city of Split, Croatia hosts one of the most interesting Roman buildings: The Diocletian Palace was built by Roman emperor Diocletian (c.244-311) in 305 as a retirement home. Although it is called a palace, it used to be a heavily fortified military compound with half of it being used to house military personnel and the other half for Diocletian.
It is shaped like a rectangle 160 meters (524ft) by 190 meters (623ft) and had massive walls 2 meters (7ft) thick and 22 meters (7ft) high. What is really remarkable though is that much of the palace still stands in Split. People still live in it and much of its structure remains intact and draw tourists from all around the World. The popular TV show Game of Thrones used the palace to film some scenes several years ago.
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Photo Credits / Sources:
Image 1: By Ernest Hébrard (recoloured by DIREKTOR) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Image 2: By Ballota (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Image 3: By Ballota (crop by DIREKTOR) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons