The Bearded Queen

Born to King Thutmose I and married her half-brother King Thutmose II, Hatshepsut was both a Queen and Pharaoh of Egypt. When her husband died in 1479 B.C., his successor was still an infant.

Ancient Brain Surgery

Brain surgery is thought to have been performed as early as 6500 B.C. Known as trephination, the surgery involved drilling a hole in the skull and often removing a piece of the skull. Trephination was performed all over the world, including France, China, the Incan, Mayan, and Aztec Empires, Rome, and Greece.

The 10th Muse

Born in Greece around 615 B.C., Sappho is known as one of the greatest poets of all time.

The first known author

Enheduanna is considered by historians to be the first author who is known by name.