Sacked!

Poena cullei was the extremely creative, yet brutal way of punishing people who committed parricid (i.e. killed their mother, father or both). The main idea was to throw the murderer into a sack with live animal (for example a snake, tiger and monkey) and throw them into a river. Naturally, the wild animals would panic and use their fangs, claws, …

Trajan’s Market: At the mall. 2000 years ago.

Trajan’s market is the World’s first known place, which could be compared to a modern day shopping mall. It is still standing in Rome, right besides the Coliseum. In its prime it used to host around 150 shops over several floors. Shopkeepers would display the merchandise from the store front. Customers were not able to walk into the store. Today, …

Made in China, ancient China

During the Han dynasty (206BCE-220CE), the Chinese invented (or improved) porcelain, water-powered mills, modern horse collars and breast straps, double-acting piston bellows, tube seed drills, ships with water-tight compartments and -last but not least- alcohol. It was one of the most important technological eras in recorded history. Some of those inventions were “re-invented” later in Europe. Pictured above is a …