The Code of Hammurabi is one of the oldest written texts that has survived until today. It is a collection of Babylonian laws during the reign of Hammurabi (1792–1750 BC) and includes 282 laws ranging from criminal law, to economic, family and civil laws.
An example of one law is “If a man destroy the eye of another man, they shall destroy his eye.” It is written in Akkadian (Semitic) and there are several hard copies still around. And by hard copies, we mean stones.
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By UnknownMarie-Lan Nguyen (Own work) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons