The Mongolian Pony Express

Genghis Khan (1162-1227), the infamous founder and emperor of the Mongol Empire in the early 1200’s, used many strategies to ensure military success.

One of these strategies was a vast communication network similar to that of the Pony Express. Called the Yam communication route, it consisted of skilled riders traveling up to 200 kilometers between relay stations stocked with fresh horses and provisions. The network served to pass military communications and intelligence quickly and efficiently.

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Information sources:

“The History of Afghanistan” by Meredith L. Runion

Photo Credits / Sources:

By William Cho (Genghis Khan: The Exhibition) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons